Job creation in the apparel sector has slowed down as factory owners adopt modern machinery and hundreds of small and medium – sized factories have closed their doors to not meet standards Of compliance
Total employment in the apparel sector stagnated at 40 lakh between the years 2013 and 2016, said Rushidan I Rahman, executive chairman of the Center for Development and Research in the field of clothing. (CDER), yesterday. She spoke at a discussion on development and employment: some issues for the 2017-18 budget, at the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies.
The CDER organized the event where analysts also discussed informal sector jobs, consumer interest in budgeting and the government's program to distribute rice at 10 kilograms per kilogram To the ultra poor as part of the Food Friendly Program (FFP).
The total number of apparel manufacturers increased from 5,063 in 2010 to 4,324 in 2016. However, exports per worker increased from $ 2,718 in 2010 to $ 7,023 in 2016, -she says.
It has linked the fall of jobs to entrepreneurs who switch to modern technologies and machines.
At the same time, many small and medium-sized factories have closed their doors for failure to comply with compliance requirements, she added.
"This is a concern". She suggested securing loans and training so that small and medium-sized enterprises can comply, continue production and create jobs.
She also recommended diversification of exports for job creation and training and education to develop a skilled workforce.
She stressed the need to establish child care structures to encourage more women to join the workforce
Rahman suggested that the government provide an employment budget incorporating goals and strategies, and provides employment creation accounts as a result of budgetary steps and megaprojects.
Ahsan H Manusr, executive director of the Bangladesh Policy Research Institute, said that increased investment is needed to absorb the increase in the labor force.
Fahmida Khatun, Executive Director of the Center for Policy Dialogue, said: "Workers are victims of the use of modern technology in the clothing sector. "I know a factory that uses robots, and the trend to use technology will increase, and we now need to ensure productivity growth by keeping jobs unchanged."
Referring to the slowdown in export earnings during the current fiscal year, she indicated that the creation of jobs would be affected if the trend continues. UNIDO's Director General, KAS Murshid, suggested giving incentives to encourage the expansion of SMEs. The next round of growth is expected to come from SMEs, he added.
Professor Wahiduddin Mahmud, a former economics professor at the University of Dhaka, said that the World Bank's Doing Business Reports are prepared from the perspective of the formal and non-informal sector.
An index for the business environment for small entrepreneurs should be developed, he added.
Mahmud said that many discussions are taking place on the proposed budget. But there should be a discussion on the budget implemented, he added.
Rizwanul Islam, former collaborator visitor to the CDER, said that an obsession with the rate of economic growth can lead to neglect of its quality in terms of social dimensions. He cited poverty, inequality and employment in this regard
Islam said 1.8 percent of GDP growth generated 1 percent growth in employment in 2005-2010. But 2.6 percent of GDP growth was needed to produce the same result in 2010-2013, he said.
ATM Nurul Amin, senior fellow of CDER, said that 73 lakh people are employed in the formal sector. Informal sector provides jobs for 5.07 lakh people out of 5.8 crore employed people, added Amin, who is also a professor at North South University.
In a paper on the budget and consumer interest, Ghulam Rahman, chairman of the Bangladesh Consumers Association, demanded that the benefit of zero duty for the import of products Continue.
In citing the measures taken by the government to increase the prices of gas, electricity and water supplies, he said: "It seems that the government has forgotten its responsibility to provide these Basic services ".
On FFP, the CDER senior official, Quazi Shahabuddin, said that the highest amount of FFP allocation was made in the districts of Dhaka and Chittagong
But the incidents of the ultra-poor are relatively smaller here, he added.
He suggested for better planning and monitoring to reach the actual beneficiaries under this program.